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Above is a picture of a Brahmin preist in the Indus River Valley Civilization.

The preists had a large impact on the government of the Indus River Valley. The religon was the basis for their government, with all of their laws coming from the religous beliefs. The government kept control of the people through religon. The people of the Indus Valley believed in the cycle of samsara, which is the cycle of birth and rebirth, with the karma of your previous lives affecting how quickly you escaped from samsara. This controlled the people because they wouldn't do bad things becuase they wanted to escape from samsara. The preists told the people what to do to escape samsara faster, and this got them to listen to the government. This picture showed how the priests really believed in the religon, which showed how the government was able to use the strong belief that the priests had to keep the peole under control.


Trade's Impact on the government of the Indus Valley:
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Above is a picture of an indian spice market. Spices were important in India because they were one of the Indus's major cash crops used for trade.

The Indus Valley had an economy that significantly depended on trade. Trade was facilicated by advances in transport technology, such as chariots and sailboats. Since trade was so vital to the government of the Indus Valley, the Indus Valley's government had oversee agriculture and good production to maintain a surplus of goods to support thier people, and extra to trade. Trade ensured a steady income for the Indus Valley's gvernment. Major trade goods included spices, salt, gold, diamonds, tea, and rice.



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This picture shows a group of people worshiping their god Shiva. These groups became known as council elders as the Aryan's took over the land.

As the Aryan's settled into more permanent communities, they got rid of tribal political organizations and made more formal political institutions. In some areas, coucils of elders were the source of politcal authority. These groups not anly helped develope their city- states, but they also helped shape the caste systems of the Indus, which ended up giveing Brahmins the highest place of authority in the caste system. Although this may go under the idea of religion, realigion shaped the governemtn of the Indus Valley. These coucil elders were the beginnings of Indus government.